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A Study on Concepts of Antipodes in Antiquity and the Middle Ages and Cartographic Representation

  • Journal of the Korean Cartographic Association
  • Abbr : JKCA
  • 2018, 18(1), pp.1-13
  • DOI : 10.16879/jkca.2018.18.1.001
  • Publisher : The Korean Cartographic Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography > Geography in general > Cartography
  • Published : April 30, 2018

JUNG,IN-CHUL 1

1부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate the concepts of antipodes in antiquities and medieval times and to look at cartographic representation of antipodes. The Greek philosophers whom the Earth regarded in the form of the drum or the sphere assumed the existence of antipodes. The concept of antagonism was established by Crates of Mallus and influenced Roman philosophers through Cicero. Although the presence of the antipode was denied by Augustine in the Middle Ages, the concept of antipodes continued in the Middle Ages through Macrobius. The zonal type and quatripartite type of mappaemundi represent antipodes by either directly naming the place or indirectly recording the contents of the medieval encyclopedia that referred to the antipodes.

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