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Spatial Variations of Risk Factors Associated with the Diffusion of Highly Infectious Animal Diseases

  • Journal of the Korean Cartographic Association
  • Abbr : JKCA
  • 2018, 18(1), pp.81-91
  • DOI : 10.16879/jkca.2018.18.1.081
  • Publisher : The Korean Cartographic Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography > Geography in general > Cartography
  • Published : April 30, 2018

Hong Sungjo ORD ID 1 Pak Son Il 2 Kwang-Nyeong Lee 3 Ki-Hyun Cho 3 Lee, Gyoung-ju 1

1한국교통대학교
2강원대학교
3농림축산검역본부

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) and Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) are the first class highly infectious diseases in domestic animals. Once occurred, tremendous costs arises since the preventive measures are compelled to be taken by law including culling, vehicle movement banning. Among others, frequent visits of livestock vehicles to livestock facilities and the high-density livestock rearing are considered to be two major risk factors. In addition, for HPAI, geographic distance to wild bird habitats is suspected to be additional factor. The impact of those factors on the spread of disease may geographically vary. The objective of the paper is to analyze the spatial variations in the impact of risk factors on the spread of highly infectious animal diseases using GWR (Geographically Weighted Regression). The empirical analysis was made both for FMD and HPAI occurrence cases. We found out there were distinctive spatial variations in the impact of risk factors. Expectedly, the analysis results may be utilized to aid to draft precise policy for preventing epidemics of animal diseases.

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