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The Rediscovery of Dokdo and Formulation of Dokdo’s Existence by Anglo-French Combined Fleets during the Crimean War: Focusing on the Traces of the Hornet and the Constantine

  • Journal of the Korean Cartographic Association
  • Abbr : JKCA
  • 2019, 19(3), pp.1-13
  • Publisher : The Korean Cartographic Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography > Geography in general > Cartography
  • Received : November 27, 2019
  • Accepted : December 19, 2019
  • Published : December 31, 2019

Ogcheong Ahn 1 Saangkyun Yi 2

1프랑스 사회과학고등연구원
2동북아역사재단

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Dokdo began to be clearly known to the West in 1855 when it was discovered by the British Hornet and the French Constantine. What has been known is only the fact that it was discovered by these Western fleets in 1855, and any detail of the discovery was not reviewed. The purpose of this study was to shed new lights on the course of Dokdo discovery by the Hornet and the Constantine as well as on the background of the Anglo-French combined fleets' advance into the East Sea from the perspective of the world history in the historical context of their dispatch to chase Russian fleets during the Crimean War, determine the geopolitical importance of Dokdo at that time, and investigate the course of Dokdo’s being reflected in modern Western cartography. This study obtained the following results: First, the Anglo-French combined fleets used operations to chase Russian fleets, with Hakodate in Hokkaido, Japan as their base, during the Crimean War. Second, Dokdo had a strategic importance in terms of location and was valuable as a milestone on the route while the Anglo-French combined fleets implemented their operations. Third, the British and French Naval Departments attached importance to the location and characteristics of Dokdo around 1855 and such countries as the United Kingdom, France, Russian, and the United States shared information about Dokdo, making its existence formal around the globe.

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