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Effects of Elastic Band Resistance Training on Muscle Strength among Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

  • Journal of The Korea Society of Computer and Information
  • Abbr : JKSCI
  • 2018, 23(3), pp.71-77
  • DOI : 10.9708/jksci.2018.23.03.071
  • Publisher : The Korean Society Of Computer And Information
  • Research Area : Engineering > Computer Science
  • Received : January 15, 2018
  • Accepted : February 28, 2018
  • Published : March 30, 2018

Young-Ran Yeun 1

1강원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of elastic band resistance training for muscle strength among community-dwelling older adults. The systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted by following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA). Data were pooled using fixed effect models. Sit to stand, arm curl, and grip strength were analyzed for main effects. Heterogeneity between studies was assessed using the I2 statistics and publication bias was evaluated by funnel plots. Twelves studies were included representing 611 participants. Elastic band resistance training was effective for lower (d=3.89, 95% CI: 3.03, 4.75) and upper extremity muscle strength (d=4.08, 95% CI: 2.94, 5.23). Heterogeneity was moderate and no significant publication bias was detected. Based on these findings, there is clear evidence that elastic band resistance training has significant positive effects on muscle strength among community-dwelling older adults. Further study will be needed to perform subgroup analysis using number of sessions and exercise intensity as predictors.

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