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Oral health of the elderly people receiving nursing care and home care serivces in Chungnam

  • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
  • Abbr : J Korean Soc Dent Hyg
  • 2015, 15(4), pp.565-574
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Dental Hygiene
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Dentistry

Jang,Hee Kyung 1 Eun-Mi Choi 2 SON BU- SOON 3

1신성대학교
2경동대학교
3순천향대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the oral health of the elderly people receiving nursing care and home care services in Chungnam. Methods: The subjects were 350 elderly people receiving 21 nursing care and home care services in Chungnam. The direct interview with the elderly people and oral examination was carried out from July, 2012 to December, 2013 after explanation fo the purpose of the study. The subjects consisted of 178 elderly people receiving nursing care services and 172 elderly people receiving home care services. Except incomplete answers, 315 data were analyzed. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, characteristics by facility, oral condition, oral care behavior, correlation by factors on oral health, influencing factor on dental caries, influencing factor on periodontal disease, and influencing factor on elasticity of gingival muscle. Data were analyzed by frequency analysis, chi-square test, and multiple regression analysis using SPSS 21.0 program. Results: Multivariate analysis of influencing factors on oral health revealed that the elderly people with low education level tended to have higher incidence rate of dental caries. The influencing factors on oral health were the elasticity of gingival muscle, periodontal disease, educational level, and economic level. (p<0.05). The explanation power was 26.2%. Conclusions: Oral Health Promotion should be obligatorily established as one of the medical system and medical fee system to promote oral health condition for the aged.

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