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A survey on knowledge, attitudes and needs of smoking cessation education in the dental hygienists

  • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
  • Abbr : J Korean Soc Dent Hyg
  • 2016, 16(3), pp.447-454
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Dental Hygiene
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Dentistry

Jung Jae Yeon 1 Eun-Sun Lee 1

1한양여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and needs of smoking cessation education in the dental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 262 dental hygienists in Seoul and Gyeonggido from September 25 to December 31, 2015. Except incomplete answers, 250 data were analyzed using Stata 13.0 program. The questionnaire was adapted and modified from Kim and Yoon and was measured by Likert 3 or 5 point scale. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects(6 items), smoking cessation education characteristics of the subjects(4 items), knowledge of smoking cessation education (11 items), attitudes of smoking cessation education(9 items), and needs of smoking cessation education(11 items). Results: Those who said yes in smoking cessation education had higher scores in knowledge (p=0.001), attitudes (p<0.001) and needs of education (p=0.010). Those receiving smoking cessation education higher score in knowledge of smoking cessation education (p=0.017). The dental hygienists working in clinics that practice smoking cessation therapy program tended to have higher level of attitudes toward smoking cessation(p=0.030). The average scores for 11 items to assess knowledge of smoking cessation education and another 11 items to assess the need for smoking cessation education were 2.18±0.40 out of 3 and 4.62±0.49 out of 5, respectively. Conclusions: The smoking cessation education is very important to improve the knowledge, attitudes, and need of smoking cessation in the dental hygienists.

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