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Impact of allergic rhinitis on stomatitis in Korean adolescents

  • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
  • Abbr : J Korean Soc Dent Hyg
  • 2023, 23(6), pp.475-483
  • DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.20230053
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Dental Hygiene
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Dentistry
  • Received : October 23, 2023
  • Accepted : November 16, 2023
  • Published : December 30, 2023

도경이 1 이은선 2

1연세대학교 원주의과대학 예방의학교실
2한양여자대학교 치위생과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study aimed to determine whether adolescents with allergic rhinitis are at an increased risk of stomatitis and to ascertain possible sex-specific differences. Methods: The data for this cross-sectional study was obtained from the 18th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (2022). Of the 56,213 students surveyed, 51,850 (boys 26,397 and girls 25,453) were included in the final analyses. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify the impact of allergic rhinitis on the risk of stomatitis among Korean adolescents. Results: In Model II, which was adjusted for allergic disease, boys with allergic rhinitis had a 1.53-fold (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]=1.53, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.40–1.67), and girls had a 1.35-fold (aOR=1.35, CI=1.25–1.46) elevated risk of stomatitis than in those without. In Model III, after adjusting for all covariates, boys with allergic rhinitis had a 1.48-fold (aOR=1.48, CI=1.36–1.62) elevated risk of stomatitis than in those without, and girls had a 1.32-fold (aOR=1.32, CI=1.22–1.43) elevated risk, which remained statistically significant after adjusting for covariates. Therefore, allergic rhinitis in adolescents exerts a detrimental effect on the risk of experiencing stomatitis symptoms; the risk was higher in boys than in girls. Conclusions: These findings suggest that oral health care attention and intervention are needed for adolescents with allergic rhinitis.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.