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Debates and Policy Alternatives of Local Crime Control Theory: Focused on the Broken Windows Theory

  • Journal of Regional Studies and Development
  • Abbr : JRSD
  • 2009, 18(1), pp.107-126
  • Publisher : Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development: IPAID
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > Regional Studies in general > Comparative / Statistical Regional Studies

김영제 1

1연세대학교 행정학과

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This study is intended to identify the viewpoints that theories of crime control in local communities have on the Broken Windows theory and examine the policy alternatives they are expected to propose. Depending on the analysis level and the social orientation, this study classifies the Rational Choice theory, the Social Control theory, the Labeling theory, and the Social Disorganization theory into types, and analyzes the viewpoint of each theory on the Broken Windows theory. The Rational Choice theory willingly endorses the Broken Windows theory and sees the zero tolerance policies and CPTED as desirable. However, the theories view social factors as being more important than the physical environment. They do not lend active support to the Broken Windows theory, and suggest that policies are required, which make people who are subject to social influence get out of those conditions. To establish effective strategies for crime control in the local communities, policy alternatives should be proposed based on assertions of each theory, depending on the subjects of analysis and considering the analysis level and the societal orientation.

Citation status

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