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A Theoretical Evaluation of the Neighborhood Council System: From the Perspective of Denzan & Munger's Public Choice Model

  • Journal of Regional Studies and Development
  • Abbr : JRSD
  • 2008, 17(1), pp.85-106
  • Publisher : Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development: IPAID
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > Regional Studies in general > Comparative / Statistical Regional Studies

Ho-jin Choi 1 Sang-Il Han 2

1한국행정연구원
2연세대학교

ABSTRACT

In recent years, many countries attempt to develop local governance system and change the representative structure of local politics. Some American cities like Los Angeles, Seattle and St. Paul have introduced neighborhood council to input residents' and stakeholders' interests to public decision-making process. This study reports public choice model to explain the effectiveness of neighborhood council, focused on a model by Denzau & Munger. The major findings of this study are that the effective neighborhood council system tend to enhance the outcomes from local politics and reduce asymmetrical information between the city councilors and the ordinary citizens. Further, the interaction among informed citizens, nonprofit organizations and neighborhood councils often becomes a major factor that can positively influence the rationalization and pluralization of civil society.

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