본문 바로가기
  • Home

A Comparative Study of Public Pension Programs for Migrant Workers in China: Focusing on the Features of Program Components and Income Security Effects

  • Journal of Regional Studies and Development
  • Abbr : JRSD
  • 2013, 22(1), pp.245-275
  • Publisher : Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development: IPAID
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > Regional Studies in general > Comparative / Statistical Regional Studies

Qu Rong xin 1 Choi, Youseok 1

1한림대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to examine the features and effects of public pension programs for migrant workers in China. Migrant workers have made great contribution to the economic development in China. However, migrant workers suffer from poor working conditions. Most of them work longer hours above the national standard with low earnings. Coverages for social insurance programs are also very limited for them. There are three major types of public pension programs for migrant workers:independent public pension program in Beijing, 2) comprehensive public pension program in Shanghai, 3)paid public pension program in Guangdong and Shenzhen. Using policy analysis framework drawn from Gilbert and Terrell(2005), this study compares 1) eligibility, 2) source of funding, 3) benefits, 4) delivery systems for the three types of public pension schemes. It also compares the effectiveness of the pension schemes in terms of comprehensiveness of coverages and earning replacement rate. We find that the coverage rate is highest for the payment public pension program in Guangdong and Shenzhen. The earning replacement rate is highest for the comprehensive public pension program in Shanghai. Based on the findings, this study suggests ways to improve public pension programs for migrant workers in China.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.