본문 바로가기
  • Home

The Impact of Corruption on Economic Growth and Regional Development in Developing Countries

  • Journal of Regional Studies and Development
  • Abbr : JRSD
  • 2015, 24(2), pp.275-299
  • DOI : 10.18350/ipaid.2015.24.2.275
  • Publisher : Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development: IPAID
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > Regional Studies in general > Comparative / Statistical Regional Studies

Yun, Eun Gee 1

1동아대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The strategies recognized and supported by the advanced capitalistic nations to combat corruption have emphasized sanctions for corrupt activities and participation in designing effective anti-corruption policies. Many studies have shown that there has, to a great extent, been a negative correlation between corruption and economic growth. Corruption is a weighty variable for evaluating the accountability and integrity of government which is a crucial role for attaining economic development. The empirical studies in terms of the overall effect of corruption on economic growth have analyzed a positive correlation between clean politics and economic development, although there are few studies that show the limited support to the view that “corruption greases the wheels of economic growth”. It is worthy to mention that economic development involves a qualitative growth including the broad distribution of wealth, the reduction of relative poverty, and economic equality, while economic growth can implies a quantitative growth of GDP. The implementation of effective anti-corruption policies in order to combat corruption on the process of economic development is an important precondition for achieving economic development rather than economic growth. After all, the indicators of public governance such as the rule of law, institutional integrity, and accountability are associated with the process of economic development. Like the case of Tanzania and Kenya, the effect of corruption has a tendency to hinder the process of economic and local development. Corruption, which is considered as a negative effect of economic and local development, can basically induce inequality and poverty. A wider set of anti-corruption policy to reduce corruption in high and low income countries is linked to the principle of policies aimed at improving institutional accountability and providing correct incentives for increase in social capital, which will generate the process of economic and local development.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.