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A Study on Factors Influencing the Household Poverty through Citizen Perceptions: A Focus on Lyamungu, Tanzania

  • Journal of Regional Studies and Development
  • Abbr : JRSD
  • 2016, (), pp.7-35
  • DOI : 10.18350/ipaid.2016.25s.7
  • Publisher : Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development: IPAID
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > Regional Studies in general > Comparative / Statistical Regional Studies
  • Published : March 25, 2016

Jang, Hoseok 1 백인립 2 CHANG SOO KIM 2 Kim, Young Ge 2 Kim Heung Ju 2 JAEHOON WHANG 2

1한국소비자보호원
2연세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study analyzes determinants that have influence on economic class of household based on subjective perception of rural community residents in Tanzania, East Africa. Local residents of Lyamungu, Tanzania were asked to measure themselves according to four regional characteristics; economic characteristic, health related characteristic, householder characteristic, and social capital characteristic in order to figure out their perception on economic class. The results show that annual income and annual expenditure among economic characteristics are important factors in shaping their perception on economic class. It was identified that characteristics of a householder such as sex and age have significant relationship with family poverty. Specially, female householder and old householder perceive that possibility of escaping poverty is low. As for the health related characteristics, only chronic disease was perceived to be an important factor determining economic class. On the other hand, higher interaction among neighbors, bond among neighbors, shared values, and trust have a negative relationship with the possibility of poverty. In conclusion, according to influencing factors on self-evaluation about economic class of local residents in Lyamungu, Tanzania, they perceive income scale of a household, characteristics of a householder, and chronic disease as important factors for their economic level. In addition, people with higher interaction with neighbors perceived their economic class more positively. Therefore, political and economic intervention that can decrease poverty in Lyamungu, Tanzania and actual project that can increase the income are crucial. They also need to be accompanied with residential environment where active interaction among neighbors can take place.

Citation status

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.