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Measuring Poverty in the Dry Highlands of the Northern Ethiopia: Income vs. Calorie

  • Journal of Regional Studies and Development
  • Abbr : JRSD
  • 2016, (), pp.211-242
  • DOI : 10.18350/ipaid.2016.25s.211
  • Publisher : Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development: IPAID
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > Regional Studies in general > Comparative / Statistical Regional Studies
  • Published : March 25, 2016

Tae Jeong Lee 1 Taesun Park 1 SUH YOUN KYOUNG 2 Dooseok Jang 3

1연세대학교
2위드
3연세대학교(원주캠퍼스) 빈곤문제국제개발연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this study, we measure poverty in the four rural villages, Koraro, Selam (MVs), Debrehiwot, and Simret (non-MVs), in the Hwazen district, Tigray of Ethiopia. The sample for the field survey consists of 324 households and 1,865 individuals. The prevalence of extreme poverty are measured in three ways: the fraction of individuals whose per capita daily gross income or net income falls short of $1.25 in 2005 PPP, and the fraction of households whose annual calorie intake falls short of the minimum calorie requirement. We find that the prevalence of extreme poverty is 30% higher than the official statistics; that the poverty measures based on income insufficiency turn out to be more or less the same as that based on calorie deficiency; that though poverty is more severe in non-MVs than in MVs, the difference is insignificant when measured in income deficiency but significant when measured in calorie deficiency; and that there is remarkable inequality of income and calorie in those rural villages and a poorer village has a more concentrated income/calorie distribution.

Citation status

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.