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The Effects of Positive Psychological Capital and Sexual Harassment Experiences on Turnover and Absence intentions of Female Care Workers

  • Journal of Regional Studies and Development
  • Abbr : JRSD
  • 2020, 29(3), pp.99-137
  • DOI : 10.22739/ipaid.2020.29.3.99
  • Publisher : Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development: IPAID
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > Regional Studies in general > Comparative / Statistical Regional Studies
  • Received : August 10, 2020
  • Accepted : November 25, 2020
  • Published : December 30, 2020

Odkhuu Khaltar 1 Young Je Kim 1 Ok-soon Ahn 1

1연세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study empirically analyzed the effects of female care providers' positive psychological capital and sexual harassment experiences in the workplace on turnover and absence intentions through job satisfaction and job commitment. As a result, first, female care providers’ positive psychological capital was applied as a factor that lower turnover intentions by increasing job satisfaction. Meanwhile, although positive psychological capital was found to have a positive effect on job commitment, there was no indirect effect found on turnover and absence intentions. Positive psychological capital was also found to have no direct effects on turnover and absence intentions. Second, the female care providers’sexual harassment experience in the workplace was analyzed to be a factor that amplifies absence intentions. Meanwhile, sexual harassment experience at work had no direct effect on job satisfaction, job commitment, or turnover intention, the analysis showed. These results imply that it is necessary to establish an organizational-level protection system so that women caregivers are not exhausted emotionally or psychologically by removing the threatening work environment and developing the capability to respond to work-related burnout situations.

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