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Factors associated with COVID-19 at the community level: Analysis of Factors Influencing Decision to Introduce Smartfarm into Paprika Farm in Gangwon Province

  • Journal of Regional Studies and Development
  • Abbr : JRSD
  • 2022, 31(1), pp.79-90
  • DOI : 10.22739/ipaid.2022.31.1.79
  • Publisher : Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development: IPAID
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > Regional Studies in general > Comparative / Statistical Regional Studies
  • Received : February 22, 2022
  • Accepted : March 31, 2022
  • Published : April 30, 2022

Hee Sun Noh 1 Yoonsuk Lee 2

1강원도 농업기술원
2강원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

With the COVID-19 is continuing to spread around the world, regional disparities in the risk of COVID-19 have been reported. Thus, this study aims to identify risk factors associated with the incidence of COVID-19 using community-level data. In addition, we confirmed the characteristics of COVID-19 by comparison with National notifiable infectious diseases. Data on the number of COVID-19 and the National notifiable infectious disease cases were collected from the Ministry of Health and Welfare and the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency’s reports. Secondary data of community-level were collected through the Korean Statistical Information Service (KOSIS). Then, a multiple linear regression analysis was performed with variables of demographic and socioeconomic factors, health status and resources, and health behavior factors. As of February 16, 2021, the COVID-19 incidence rate was 123.0 per 100,000 people, ranging from 0 to 1,023 by region. The result shows that higher population density, financial independence, and practice rate of hand-washing and lower influenza vaccination coverage rate were associated with a higher incidence of COIVD-19. Among them, population density, practice rate of hand-washing, and influenza vaccination coverage rate were associated with the National notifiable infectious disease in common with COVID-19. However, these factors affected the COVID-19 and the National notifiable infectious diseases in opposite directions. These findings indicate the outbreak pattern of COVID-19 in Korea, spread around specific groups in metropolitan areas. This study is one of the early studies that explain the incidence of COVID-19 by considering community-level factors. This is meaningful in that it is academically confirmed that the risk factors of COVID-19 may differ from those of other infectious diseases.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.