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Improvement of Human Rights through Military Reform:With a focus on Taiwan’s Alternative Military Service

  • Journal of Regional Studies and Development
  • Abbr : JRSD
  • 2023, 32(2), pp.133-156
  • DOI : 10.22739/ipaid.2023.32.2.133
  • Publisher : Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development: IPAID
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > Regional Studies in general > Comparative / Statistical Regional Studies
  • Received : August 11, 2023
  • Accepted : August 30, 2023
  • Published : August 30, 2023

Mo, ChunHeung 1

1한양대학교 평화연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study analyzes the case of Taiwan, where the political・economic・security situation and the people’s sentiment toward compulsory military service are similar to that of Korea, in order to find clues to improve the alternative military service for conscientious objectors in Korea. In 2000, when Taiwan introduced an alternative military service, they had plentiful military service resources due to the modernization of its national defense and the reduction in the size of its military forces. In this situation, the Taiwanese government introduced the alternative military service in the context of military reform, arguing that it would be desirable to use the surplus military service resources for the needs of society as a whole. The implications of Taiwan’s alternative military service are reflection on the damage to ‘human rights’ and ‘freedom of conscience’ and security environment while overly considering the values of ‘fairness’ and ‘equity’ when discussing the existing military service system. It can be understood in terms of changes in the Korean Peninsula and the modernization of national defense. In particular, the crucial implication of Taiwan’s case for Korea is that the effective use of military service resources can positively contribute to the formation of positive public opinion on the alternative military service, which can result in the improvement of human rights for conscientious objectors. In addition, it is necessary to note that the improvement of the alternative military service and effective response to the security environment do not necessarily conflict in a situation where the existing security concept centered on military security is gradually expanding to economic, social and cultural aspects.

Citation status

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