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Trends and Turning Points of the Swedish Public Social Expenditure : Expenditure on health care, old age security, labor market policy and family policy from 1980 to 2007

  • Journal of the Scandinavian Society of Korea
  • Abbr : JSSK
  • 2013, (14), pp.141-180
  • Publisher : The Scandinavian Society of Korea
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > North Europe(Scandinavian)

Eunsun Joo 1

1경기대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This Study is on the social expenditure of health, old age, family, labor market policy in Sweden from 1980 to 2007. It is focused on the turning points as well as trends of changes. This research deal with the background of the changes, the contents of the policy changes, and the social and economic results of the changes. The biggest decrease of the expenditure has happened in the fields of the health policy and old age policy. The change of each expenditure, however, was not unidirectional during the period. They had been adjusted to various direction according to fluctuations of economic situation, birth rate, the degree of ageing and so on. As the results, the expenditures of old age, family, labor market policy were between the lowest and the highest in the middle of 2000's. Nowadays the poverty rate and the Gini coefficient of disposable income in Sweden have increased, but not so much a lot as in other OECD countries. It is necessary to observe more if Sweden will make another path different from the one in the heyday of their welfare state, otherwise will do adjustment partly and make balance between efficiency and redistribution continuously.

Citation status

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