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Substandard Housing for the Poor and Policy Alternatives:the Case of Jjogbang in Seoul

Ha, Seong-Kyu 1

1중앙대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The paper examines the situation of Jjogbang (low-income rental accommodations) and to identifies the policy alternatives for the housing poverty group. In urban Korea, there are different kinds of rental types and rental housing that are commonly used by low-income groups. Most of the poor are tenants in the substandard settlements and illegal rented rooms, so called Jjogbang in the inner city areas. The literal meaning of Jjogbang is to divide the room or to emphasize small. Since the IMF crisis, Jjogbang has bridged the gap between the unemployed and the poor's housing needs and supply. These kinds of accommodation are usually very poor with several people crowded into each room with very inadequate provision of basic services. Jjogbang is a new type of rental housing or accommodation for the lowest income groups and the homeless. There are no data available on Jjogbang in the census or other government statistics. This paper was based on the investigation which was concentrated on fact-finding work focusing on an sample areas (Donui-dong) representing central location. In order to get progressive realization of the right to adequate housing of the poor disadvantaged groups, we shall seek the active participation of our public, private and non-governmental partners at all levels to ensure legal security of tenure protection from discrimination and equal access to adequate housing for all person and their families. In devising future public housing and welfare programs, authorities have to clarify the ambiguity and define the target group, taking into account local housing situations and community-wide objectives relating to maintaining ‘bottom-up’ or popular participation in housing welfare planning. On the other hand, top priority should be given to medical treatment for the Jjogbang people and creating employment opportunities for the poor. The poor's ability to find suitable work needs to be strengthened through job training and improved job placement services.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.