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A study of the measurement of “publicness” in social welfare

Shin, Dong-Myeon 1

1경희대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this study I tried to define the concept of “publicness” in social welfare along two dimensions. One dimension is the formal “publicness” of social welfare, which can be described as the role of the state in the welfare mix, the ways in which welfare production is allocated among the state, market, families, and non profit organizations. The other dimension is the substantial “publicness” of social welfare, which can be defined as the degree of social citizenship that concerns the rights and duties associated with the provision of benefits and services designed to meet social needs and enhance capabilities, and also to guarantee the resources necessary to finance them. Adopting the human need theory developed by Doyal and Gough, I tried to classify social citizenship into five realms: the rights of income security, health, housing, labor, and education. In each realm, I included the subsidiary rights that all citizens can enjoy, in other words, those that the state has an obligation to provide, along with indicators showing the degree of realization. These ways of understanding of “publicness” in social welfare along two dimensions will have significant implications not only for the theory of the welfare state but also for the reform of the welfare state.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.