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Understanding poverty from a political sociological perspective

이주하 1

1동국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to disentangle the multi-faceted complexities of discourse and policy on poverty through the prism of political sociology. First, it examines three concepts of poverty and a typology of poverty paradigms through the social exclusion discourse together with regime approaches. It then categorizes four types of poverty policy, namely social transfer benefits, taxation, social investment, and employment, in terms of ex ante distribution and ex post redistribution on the one hand, and work and welfare on the other. Following on from this, the paper analyzes poverty alleviation pursued by the developmental state which attempted to secure legitimacy by ensuring output-oriented effectiveness instead of input-oriented democratic legitimation. Here attention is paid to the governance of the developmental state and the Janus-faced nature of the authoritarian regime. Finally, it highlights an integrated approach, based upon four types of poverty policy, necessary to reduce poverty and inequality.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.