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The outcomes of the resettlement assistance programs for the North Korean refugees’ economic adjustment

김연희 1 Baek Hakyoung 2

1대구대학교
2강원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to analyse the effectiveness of various social interventions that aim to promote self-sufficiency of North Korean refugees. The new Resettlement Assistance Act for North Korean defectors has augmented social intervention component and financial incentives that are devised to strengthen North Korean defectors’ human capital. Those include educational services such as free vocational training programs and job preparation & job placement services, and the financial reward system with a reward for completion of vocational training, obtaining job related licences and maintaining jobs over an extended period of time. The findings of this study indicated that vocational training did not exert any significant effect on employment but acquisition of a vocational license does contribute to employment and income level. An incentive for job retention has a close relation with employment and getting off the welfare system but no association with income level. Higher education in Korea did not seem to lead to an employment or a higher income. It needs to be explored in the future research whether the result is such because the years in education prevented those in school from income generating activities or investment in education does not contribute to employability of the participants. Policy and practice implications of the findings were discussed.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.