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Welfare mix and the role of the public sector in child welfare service

Hyon-Joo Lee 1 Ick-Joong Chung 2

1한국보건사회연구원
2이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to examine the issue of welfare mix and the role of the public sector in child welfare service from the perspective of the rights of the child. Since the 1980’s the privatization of welfare system has proliferated in most developed countries and it is no exception to the child welfare sector in Korea. Privatization of welfare system in Korea has mainly occurred in two types, entrustment to private agencies and voucher. Compared with the western privatization process which transferred roles of service provision from the government to the private sector, the Korean government allowed the private sector to provide welfare services from the beginning stage. Moreover, the services delivered by the private sector are rapidly increasing in recent years in Korea. The entrustment to private agencies is not perfect competitive sourcing process, and does not ensure the credible entrustment process. As well, it is noted that poor service quality evaluation and cost cutting in the entrustment process had caused violation of expected effect of privatization. For the case of voucher, it is criticized as being insufficient for ensuring or improving consumer rights. Therefore, this study suggests that in order for the public sector to carry out its responsibilities as a public sector, the public sector needs to strengthen its role and to alleviate the negative impacts of welfare mix. It is needed to keep public sector participation at certain level, and to allow the public sector to compete with the private sector. The public sector also needs to development more elaborate service evaluation criteria, and also private participation should be allowed in policy planning. And the public sector should coordinate and strengthen its roles to perform functions of selection and placement as a network hub for child welfare service delivery.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.