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Policy Layering and the Multi-pillar Restructuring of the Public Pension System in Korea

Dokyun Kim 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper aims at analysing the institutional mechanism of the multi-pillar restructuringin the Korean pension system. Since the national pension system wasintroduced in 1988, its replacement rate was sharply retrenched from 70% to 40% ofthe average income level. Also, adding to the national pension, the basic old-agepension and the basic pension were introduced in 2007 and 2014 respectively. Despite of these crucial changes, however, the unitary public pension system mainlybased on the national pension was not fundamentally changed. This paper putan emphasis on the interaction between environment, institution, and actors andfocuses on the effect of actor’s strategy on the institutional change. In addition, italso focuses on the role of ‘veto point’ and ‘discretion in interpretation/enforcement’as variables affecting actors’ strategy. As s result, this paper argues that the institutionalchange in the Korean pension system is explained not by ‘policy conversion’,but by ‘policy layering’.

1. 서론

2. 기존 논의 검토

3. 한국 공적연금제도의 특징과 1차 국민연금개혁

4. 2차 국민연금개혁과 기초노령연금제도의 도입

5. 기초노령연금에서 기초연금으로의 전환

6. 결론 및 함의

REFERENCES(55)

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.