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The successful management of flood risk and publicness in Netherlands: double-loop learning after the flood in 1953

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1서울대학교 사회발전연구소

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ABSTRACT

The Netherlands is characterized by not only its high flood vulnerability but alsohigh flood risk management in social, technical, and institutional aspects. Thestorm surges on the North Sea are serious threats to the low-lying part ofNetherlands. The flood defense and water management have been recognized ascrucial issues and national agenda. After the flood disaster in 1953, which remainsas traumatic collective memories, double-loop learning process has followed to secureflood prevention and safety. The Delta committee established after the disasterin 1953 decided to execute Delta project including the constructions of dams, barriers,dykes across the North sea in terms of long term investment. Due to openness(transparency), public interests pursuit, civic participation which are essentialcomponents of publicness, the Netherlands have succeeded in the innovations offlood risk management system. In history of wars against flood, people have balancedbetween the individual and the public. They are well organized around eachpillar in basis of religions or political attitudes, and participate in the discussionprocess to engage decision making processes. Pillarization implies the close tiesbetween political elites and the masses through networks of religious, ideologicalorganizations. And it promotes the cooperations between government and civic societyto solve important issues.

1. 들어가는 말

2. 이론적 자원과 논의

3. 대홍수의 극복과 홍수 관리 시스템의 혁신

4. 정부‑민간 협력 체제와 시민사회의 역량

5. 정책적 시사점 및 맺는말

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* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.