본문 바로가기
  • Home

Growth Mechanism of Private Tutoring Industries and The Spatial Impacts on the Educational Environment in the Metropolitan Seoul Area: Focused on The Interactions among Private Tutoring Industries, Educational Demand and Government Policies for Education

Sohyun Park 1 Lee, Keumsook 1

1성신여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the growth mechanism of private tutoring industries and the spatial transition process of educational environment in the Metropolitan Seoul Area. In particular, we focus on their interactions among private tutoring industries, educational demand, and government education policies. For the purpose, we review the growth trends of private tutoring industries in first, and then analyze the distribution patterns of private tutoring industries and youth population which constitute their demand during the last two decades. The growth mechanism of private tutoring industries is verified by considering dynamic relationship among them comprehensively. We examine the inter-relationships between the quantitative and locational changes in the private tutoring industries and the government policies for education, formal school education, and residential choice of families having children. The growth of private tutoring industries has been related significantly with the government policies for education and the qualitative degradation of formal school education as well as the changes in the educational demand according to the income level increase and competitive global economic situation. The locations of private tutoring industries have been determined by the locations of formal schools and youth population in the beginning, while their locations have been attracted to the families having children in the later. The trend instigates the agglomeration of the private tutoring industries into a few places with the diversification of private tutoring industries, These places obtain prestige for private tutoring environment, and thus getting more locational attraction.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.