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An Exploratory Study on Adoptive Attitude, Motivation, and Adoptive Case Experience of Pre-adoptive Parents

  • Korea Social Policy Review
  • Abbr : KSPR
  • 2017, 24(3), pp.55-84
  • DOI : 10.17000/kspr.24.3.201709.55
  • Publisher : Korean Association of Social Policy
  • Research Area : Social Science > Sociology > Medical / Welfare / Social policy
  • Published : September 30, 2017

Young Ho Park 1 Shin, Dong-Myeon 1

1경희대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study conducted an empirical study on pre-adoptive parents in order to investigate adoption type, adoption attitude, adoption inhibition factor, adoption case experience, and motivation for adoption. The hypothesis test was conducted to examine the difference in adoption motivation according to the type of adoption and the difference in the perception of adoption according to the experience of adoption case. First, 77.9% of the respondents were initial adoption families, of which 22.1% were parents with children and 55.8% were without children. Also, 22.1% of respondents were re-adoption families. Second, they recognized that their will was important in the process of adoption decision, and that they themselves were proposers of adoption and were leading adoption. Third, 80.5% of respondents preferred open adoption and 73.2% preferred female adoption. Fourth, they recognized socially negative prejudices about adoption, maladjustment of their children, and concerns about parental role as a factor inhibiting adoption. Fifth, the respondents perceived their motivation for adoption as a result of infertility and altruism, and the motives for adoption differ according to the type of adoption(adoption with birth child and adoption without birth child). Sixth, 55.8% of the respondents answered that they have adopted cases from the immediate family and extended family members or their neighbors and friends’ families. Pre-adoptive parents with adoptive cases of direct and extended family members were more positive about adoption. Considering the high age of adoptive parents, the government should consider not only restricting economic support for adopted children up to age 16 but also supporting college tuition and housing costs. Given the high degree of altruism in adoptive motivation, a social institutional basis should be established to recognize adoption as altruistic behavior. In addition, the government should strengthen the responsibility of the state by strengthening the psychological counseling process for adoptive parents and providing post-service. Finally, positive adoption cases should be expanded and introduced through TV mass media in order to spread the experience of positive adoption cases.

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