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Religion and the welfare state: How religion affects welfare attitudes?

Bae Eun Chong 1 Soo Wan Kim 2 Ahn, Sang-Hoon 1

1서울대학교
2강남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the effect of religion on welfare attitudes of individual in welfare states. While the importance of religion tended to be relatively ignored in current welfare state research, we investigate how religion affects welfare states in both theoretical and analytic contexts. We first suggest two theoretical frameworks for the effects of religion on welfare attitudes: self-interest perspective (welfare status) and value perspective. Then we analyze the effect of religion on welfare attitudes with the multi-level analysis using International Social Survey Program (2016) data. The main results are as follows. First, religion has been proved to be a significant factor affecting public attitudes toward government responsibility for welfare. Second, the more dependent on religion, the less supportive for the state role for welfare. It shows that an individual has conflict on interest between religion and the state as a welfare provider, taxpayer, and welfare recipient in perspective of welfare status. It also implies trade-off relationship between religion and state in the functional context. Thirds, while the values of the protestant and Catholic tends to conflict against state-centralism, the effects of welfare state regimes imply that Lutheranism and Calvinism among Protestantism may have different values on capitalism and the role of the welfare state.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.