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A Study on Type of Korea’s Local Employment Policy and Characteristics

  • Korea Social Policy Review
  • Abbr : KSPR
  • 2020, 27(2), pp.197-227
  • DOI : 10.17000/kspr.27.2.202006.197
  • Publisher : Korean Association of Social Policy
  • Research Area : Social Science > Sociology > Medical / Welfare / Social policy
  • Received : April 16, 2020
  • Accepted : June 15, 2020
  • Published : June 30, 2020

LEE SANG A 1

1이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The main objective of this study is to comparatively analyze the types of local employment policies and their characteristics to discover implications for Korea’s local employment policy. The fuzzy set research method was used for analysis. The data used in the current study were comprehensive plans for local government administrations elected for the 2014–2018 term in the analyzed regions, as well as detailed annual jobs plans from 2014 to 2018 published according to the local jobs objective disclosure policy. As a result of the analysis, types such as comprehensive local-led (C*a*I), comprehensive active (C*A*i), local-led active (c*A*I), comprehensive focused (C*a*i), local-led focused (c*a*I), and weak local employment policy (c*a*i) were identified. The results of the current study prove that employment problems can be solved when local employment policies are active in nature and harmonize with other attributes. That is, active labor market policy programs that facilitate the balanced development of local employment policies will ensure the effectiveness of these policies. Furthermore, the current study implies that local employment policies can be used as a means of policy for qualitative vitalization, which enables the market’s entry into a state of long-term stable employment.

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