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Study on the Topic of going abroad appeared in the literature in late Chosun Dynasty

  • The Research of the Korean Classic
  • 2008, 0(17), pp.121-150
  • Publisher : The Research Of The Korean Classic
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature > Korean Literature > Korean classic prose

Jongkun Kim 1

1건국대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to study the pattern of going abroad as a new topic appeared in the literature in late Chosun Dinasty. One pattern is that bachelors who prepared to be a civil servant become the leader of thieves and show off their resourcefulness. The other one is that bachelors who have difficulties in being successful in the society go to an island abroad and build an ideal world. It must be presumable that those two patterns were revealed in the lifestyles of bachelors who were not accepted to the main society. These kinds of topics are set up in a various way to associate one another in an unofficial historical story and old novel late 18th century. Especially for topic of going abroad, there can't be seen in the previous story, and it's necessary to pay attention on this phenomenon this topic is closely inserted to couple of stories. This topic going abroad is concretely found in <Haejungseosaeng(해중서생)> in 『Haedongijeok Bo(해동이적 보)』and old novel <HusaengJeon(허생전)>, <HonggildongJeon(홍길동전)>. Two old novels conclude the meaning of pioneer abroad. These two topics are cited selectively in the same story structure, and they are combined and inserted into the story. So the variation pattern and author's mind are read in this era. It's possible to presume when the unofficial history was created, and existed <HonggildongJeon(홍길동전)> was formed after 19th century. Furthermore <HonggildongJeon(홍길동전)> was affected by <HusaengJeon(허생전)> in aspect of founding Yooldo Gook(율도국). Finally, topic of going abroad is originated from the criticism of policy picking up the civil servants. Passive and Hidden bachelors who complained the social system overcome the unreality and changed into active and optimistic. Therefore going abroad topic is the shape of surfacing the criticism and the spirit of leaving is the first step of modern consciousness.

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