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Formal Characteristics in Gokmun of Beaksangrugi-Focusing on the comparison with Jin, Shengtan's critique Seosanggi

LEITING 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study is intended to look into the formal characteristics in Gokmun(lyrics) of Beaksangrugi, an opera written in Chinese by Jung Sanghyun, and to verify the reason why such writing formal characteristics were formed. The studies on Beaksangrugi so far focused on writer investigation, format analysis, characteristics of linguistic expressions, comparison with Jin, Shengtan's critique Seosanggi, characteristics of the critique, character images, sexual discourse and etc. However, there hasn't been any studies on the characteristics of writing in gokmun of the work. Therefore, this study analyzed the formal characteristics in gokmun of Beaksangrugi, and the results are as follows. First, gokpaes of Beaksangrugi were classified, to see whether they belong to Bukgok or Namgok. It was found that there were many gokpaes belonged to Bukgok of China, and some names of the remaining gokpaes were similar to those of Chinese opera gokpae. Also, the gokpaes 【Zhuanshawei(賺煞尾)】, 【Shawei(煞尾)】 and 【Wei(尾)】 which indicate the end of each act of the opera were the ending part of Yuan opera music and are also the most important part of the whole set of music, so the music of Baeksangrugi was highly likely to be made according to Bokgok of China. Second, the gokpeas appeared in Beaksangrugi and Jin, Shengtan's critique Seosanggi were compared. Gokmun which commonly appeared in both Beaksangrugi and Seosanggi didn't correspond to the standard format of Chinese opera gokpae, and surely the number of sentences and the number of letters in each sentence had a lot of differences. Also, the gokmun of Beaksangrugi 【Jinjiaoye(金蕉葉)】 showed almost the same pattern of [Xianlv(仙呂)]【Dianjiangchun(點絳脣)】. Furthermore, gokpae related to 【Shuangyuanyang(雙鴛鴦)】, which can be found in Bukgok gokpae but didn't used in Seosanggi Gokmun and Seosanggi, was compared and analyzed. As a result, it was also found that gokmun of Beaksangrugi didn't correspond to the standard format of Chinese opera gokpae, and surely the number of sentences and the number of letters in each sentence had a lot of differences,and also Chenzi(襯字) was almost not found in Beaksangrugi. Therefore, it can be concluded from the Gokmun of Beakssangruji gokpae that the Beaksangrugi author's understanding and the using of Chinese opera gokpae had many differences from the writing way of Chinese opera gokmun. Such formal characteristics in gokmun of Beaksangrugi, which doesn't correspond to the standard format, is evidences of attempts to seek a new style while adopting literary styles of Ming and early Qing Dynasty, in addition to Jin, Shengtan's critique Seosanggi.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.