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On Aspects of Narrative Retardation in Korean Classic Novels

Cho, Yong-ho 1

1목포대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper was written for the purpose of examining aspects of narrative retardation in Korean classic novels. Narrative retardation usually arises from differences in information about events that are known to the character at story level and to the reader at the discourse level. I focused on this fact and divided the aspects into four categories according to the presence and difference of the information perceived by the character and the reader. In addition, I investigated how they appear in real novels. The novels researched in this study were four books, including Nam-ga-rok, Jeol-hwa-gi-dam, Shim-cheong-jeon, and Chun-hyang-jeon. The tactics of narrative retardation adopted in these novels were evenly distributed in the four categories and were realized in various aspects. Next, I analyzed the intention and the effect that the writer or the narrator used the retardation tactics in the four novels. As a result, the intention to use the retardation tactics was converged to strengthen didactics, enhance pleasure, or harmonize pleasure and didactics. Especially in the novels, Jeol-hwa-gi-dam, which mainly pursued pleasures, and Nam-ga-rok, which tried to harmonize didactics, succeeded in inducing the interest of the reader by using sophisticated techniques, so they deserved to be evaluated as showing the advanced form in classic novels. This suggests that the retardation tactics can be used as an important criterion for analyzing and evaluating Korean classic novels.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.