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The characteristics of rural life and farming method and agricultural production in the Namyang County in the late Joseon Dynasty -Focused on Lee Ok's BaekWoonPil

  • The Research of the Korean Classic
  • 2020, (50), pp.321-365
  • DOI : 10.20516/classic.2020.50.321
  • Publisher : The Research Of The Korean Classic
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature > Korean Literature > Korean classic prose
  • Received : July 22, 2020
  • Accepted : August 12, 2020
  • Published : August 31, 2020

YEOM, JEONGSUP 1

1한림대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this Essay, focused on Lee Baek Woon-pil of Lee Ok, a person who lived in Songsan, Namyang county from the late 18th to early 19th centuries, we examined the daily life of rural life at the time, the characteristics of farming methods, and the market orientation of agricultural production. While experiencing the daily life of rural life in Songsan in detail, Lee Ok directly practiced cultivation of seeds and flowers related to agriculture, and internalized the way of interpreting farmers' natural phenomena. In addition, Lee Ok briefly summarized the farming methods of the Namyang County area based on his own opinions, and made clear his suggestions regarding the rice farming method, varieties of rice, the importance of ploughing and weeding. He also tried how to improve or improve the farming method, or to explore and experiment with farming methods that can produce a lot of harvest. Lee Ok was approaching principle of farming in a number of ways of hearing and seeing from the old farmers, the peasants, and neighbors. At that time, in the BaekWoonPil, Lee Ok summarized and recorded various aspects of agricultural production aimed at the market. He paid attention to the appearance of making strings or nets through primary processing and conducting his business. Tobacco cultivation also emphasized the merchandise through emphasis on fragrance and spiciness. In addition, the emphasis on cultivation of ginseng, a pronoun for crops, can be found. Cases of raising beef and raising profits were found in Hoseo and Ssangbu regions, and the distribution of flowers comparable to the flower market was taking place. In this way, the characteristic of agricultural production in Namyang County, explained by Lee Ok, was that it was market-oriented.

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