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Effects of Life Events on Changes in Insurance Holdings

  • Journal of Insurance and Finance
  • 2015, 26(4), pp.141-171
  • Publisher : Korea Insurance Research Institute
  • Research Area : Social Science > Business Management

오승연 1 Yunah Song 1

1보험연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

We study the effects of life events on changes in household insurance holdings. Most of existing literature on the household demand for insurance has taken static approach using cross-sectional data, which does not allow for dynamic analyses of the relationship between life events and the demand for insurance. Thus, we analyse the demand for insurance in a dynamic setting, using panel data and classifying changes in holdings of insurance coverage into four categories such as initiation, increase, termination(no coverage), and reduction. We find that life events, such as the birth of a child, the death of a household member, being employed or being unemployed, changes in employment status (self-employed or not), and changes in income or net assets, have statistically significant impact on household insurance holdings, but marriage and divorce do not. In particular, our results indicate that the households with the birth of their first child are more likely to initiate or increase their holdings of insurance coverage than are the households with the birth of their second child. Our findings suggest that the insurance industry needs to develop strategies to deal with low birth rates and changes in the labor market environment.

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