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Issues on Labor Law by Development of ICT - Focused on Smart Work -

  • Legal Theory & Practice Review
  • Abbr : LTPR
  • 2016, 4(2), pp.7-41
  • Publisher : The Korea Society for Legal Theory and Practice Inc.
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

Jin-young, Kim 1

1원광대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

By a fusion of advancement of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), artificial intelligence and robotic technology, Era of Fourth Industrial Revolution has began. The development of the ICT which has led to Era of Fourth Industrial Revolution is causing a major change in human life. We are always able to live in on-line connection environments by using mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets and using a cloud network service in our daily lives. The development of the ICT and proliferation of the mobile devices have caused limitations of time and space to be overcome. This phenomenon is improving overall quality of life in all areas of our society and changing our work and even labor environments. Changes are happening in ways of working with so-called "Smart Work" that people can work without any restrictions on working location or time. By a dissemination of computers in 1990s, ICT has been repeated development, but it has had no significant effects on work or labor markets. Therefore, so far, "working conditions" such as employment and payment related to labors, "relationship between work and family life", "personal information of workers" and "information leakage by workers" have been mainly discussed. However, recently, labors by automatic and intelligent controls of robots or artificial intelligence have begun to appear by getting out of traditional human labors, which has a potential to alter even nature of labors. The development of rapidly sophisticated ICT has caused predicting problems which will occur in the future to become increasingly difficult and pre-emptive response time regarding consolidation of legislation to become insufficient. However, now, it is time to review policies and systems of the labors as it is largely possible for nature of the labors to be changed. Therefore, in this study, introduction status of smart work in accordance with the development of ICT in Korea has been examined and issues on labor law which may be occurred in the future have been discussed.

Citation status

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