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Regulations and Basic Principles of the EU on Personal Information Protection

  • Legal Theory & Practice Review
  • Abbr : LTPR
  • 2018, 6(1), pp.39-73
  • Publisher : The Korea Society for Legal Theory and Practice Inc.
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

Lee Hyeong Seok 1

1원광대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The development of the Internet and smart devices have brought a lot of changes to human life. But the advance in technology is implicitly concurrent with issues that are linked to indiscriminate and extensive collection of personal information. The nation gathers personal information and transmits it to formulate and execute policies, but people who are the very principals of the information aren't well aware of the importance and necessity of personal information protection. Personal information is transmitted to a third country for the benefit of different countries instead of being kept in the limited place of the nation that the person belongs to. But the necessity of personal information protection is increasingly stressed as artificial intelligence is used not only in the area of manufacturing but in the area of office work and in the process of information gathering. The goal of personal information protection is to protect the right to privacy that has been developed to help individual people to protect their own privacy without being interfered by the nation or a third person. Another important thing is the guarantee of the freedom of information that is to collect and make use of information that is of use for oneself. To resolve these issues, the EU enacted laws related to personal information protection and revised them in an effort to value personal privacy and guarantee the freedom of information. The general data protection regulation of the EU that is going to take effect in 2018 aims to protect personal information from European institutions and businesses that intend to use it. Based on the regulation, the member countries of the EU stipulate national obligations for the protection of the right to privacy. The purpose of this study was to examine the transition of the laws on personal information protection and basic principles for personal information protection in the EU region.

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