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The Comparative Study of Homelessness Act

  • Legal Theory & Practice Review
  • Abbr : LTPR
  • 2018, 6(1), pp.339-368
  • Publisher : The Korea Society for Legal Theory and Practice Inc.
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

Hong, Sae-Young 1

1한중대학교 사회복지학과

Candidate

ABSTRACT

After IMF, the number of the homeless have been increasing, so Act of Homeless is established in Korea in 2012. Due to this Act, dual system which is separated vagabond from homeless transferred the unification of delivery system. And shelters for homeless are divided according to homeless `s function. Homeless delelvery system is more specialize and more systemize. However, this system is uncertain about de-homeless because this has short term history. So our study search for foreign cases analysis about Homeless delivery system especially England and Finland. Globally there are two model for homeless delivery system. One is Staircase Model the other is Housing First. In Staircase model, homeless service users demonstrate their ability to move from one level of accommodation to another, either as part of the rehabilitation process or by acting in accordance with the targets that have been jointly laid down. It is based on legislation and the end goal is independent living. This model are advanced in England. Housing First model is simple: provide permanent housing first, and then combine that housing with supportive treatment services in the areas of mental and physical health, substance abuse, education, and employment. Finland is famous for Housing First. The tendency of global moves staircase mode to housing first. Korea is similar to England but it is still in its beginning stages. Housing First model doesn`t match with Korea situation.

Citation status

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