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Paradigm Shift and Sustainable Education in the Age of Artificial Intelligence

  • Legal Theory & Practice Review
  • Abbr : LTPR
  • 2022, 10(1), pp.9-53
  • Publisher : The Korea Society for Legal Theory and Practice Inc.
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law
  • Received : February 6, 2022
  • Accepted : February 23, 2022
  • Published : February 28, 2022

Jongho Kim 1

1호서대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

As the technology represented by artificial intelligence (AI) leads the 4th industrial revolution and they bring about changes in the industrial structure, it is predicted that employment and labor will also change significantly. With the rapid development of science and technology, more and more people are worried that computers can take away human jobs, and verification has been made. Even in the Industrial Revolution up to now, there have been many ‘disappearing jobs,’ but there are also ‘new jobs.’ However, the transformation brought about by the 4th industrial revolution is considered to be of a different quality from the past, which said that “people become unnecessary.” Therefore, this study conducted a review of the technology required in the AI ​​era, using prior research and insurance reports from various institutions as a clue. As a result, it turns out that in the AI ​​era, communication technology is the key to distinguishing what AI can do from what humans can do. After that, as one of the communication skills nurturing methods, the research was conducted focusing on the possibility of liberal arts (artes liberales). What education is really needed in the 21st century? With the advent of the AI ​​(Artificial Intelligence) era, the era has come when we have to rethink the essential attitude of education itself from the ground up. In the age of AI, the role of a teacher is limited only to the role of ‘teaching’, which is ‘teaching and nurturing’ as in the past. Currently, the ‘teaching’ part is starting to be replaced by technology such as online learning or AI, and the speed will further accelerate in the future. Now, the role of ‘coaching,’ which means ‘to draw out and increase,’ has become more important. Even if we focus on the company, it is extremely difficult to predict with certainty how the industrial structure will change as a result of the multiplication of this technology and society, which is a structural change with a large impact to be described as an ‘industrial revolution.’ In addition, Korea faces social problems such as aging and population decline. Indeed, it can be said to be the most advanced ‘task developed country’ in the world. With the market environment and industrial structure of 2030 unclear, what kind of countermeasures do you think and how should we open the world of ‘2030’? What can be suggested as a hint for a solution is the CSV (Creating Shared Value) of members of society. The importance of CSV in companies is increasing even more, and the evolution to CSV management is finally becoming one of the important management tasks. In the paradigm shift from the conventional ego-type system type, which is this model that pursues value creation for one’s own company in a self-conclusive type, to a future ecosystem that adds ‘representative power’ and ‘order-type power’ by CSV, Korean society and How much a company can respond will be the turning point for successful management in the SDGs era. Among them, I would like to suggest the ‘form’ of the ‘company to be chosen in the future’ suggested by the case study method based on educational experience in the Netherlands and the United States. I would like to describe 1. Introduction of part-time system (teachers and office workers), 2. Provision of a project-based learning implementation space, 3. A mindset of collaborating with various stakeholders, based on the above three factors, a new type of company that contributes to education in the AI ​​era.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.