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A review on the necessity of enacting the Nursing Act

  • Legal Theory & Practice Review
  • Abbr : LTPR
  • 2022, 10(3), pp.313-341
  • Publisher : The Korea Society for Legal Theory and Practice Inc.
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law
  • Received : July 31, 2022
  • Accepted : August 23, 2022
  • Published : August 31, 2022

Song Myeong-Hwan 1

1호서대학교 법학연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Globally, the Nursing Act is being enacted to protect the rights and interests of patients and consumers who receive nursing services by stipulating the education, training, and licensing system of professional nursing personnel, thereby producing high-quality nursing personnel. The purpose of the enactment of the Nursing Act currently proposed by the National Assembly is to contribute to the promotion of public health and patient safety by enacting the Nursing Act to secure skilled nursing manpower and to implement a systematic and comprehensive nursing policy to resolve the imbalance in supply and demand between regions. Korea, which has the fastest aging rate in the world, entered an aged society in 2017, with the elderly population accounting for 14% of the total population, and will enter a super-aged society in 2025, with the elderly population exceeding 20%. And the disease structure also changed from acute disease to chronic disease. In response to these changes in the demographic and disease structure, advanced countries ahead of us reformed the health care system in the 1980s and 1990s to reform the inefficient medical system and reduce medical expenses for the elderly. Through this, the medical system centered on hospital and treatment was changed to a medical system centered on regional and prevention. In addition, securing skilled nursing personnel due to the outbreak of novel infectious diseases such as Corona 19 is an urgent policy task worldwide, so the necessity of the Nursing Act is more urgent. Currently, the Nursing Bill has been approved by the National Assembly's Health and Welfare Committee, and only the Legislative Judiciary Committee and the plenary session remain. This article discusses each issue raised in relation to the enactment of the Nursing Act in the first part. In the latter part, the necessity of the Nursing Act is presented by examining the validity of the arguments of the negative aspects as well as the positive aspects of the enactment of the Nursing Act.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.