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The Forms and Peculiarities of Progressive Aspect in Korean

  • Korean Language & Literature
  • 2013, (85), pp.113-143
  • Publisher : Korean Language & Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Koo Jong Nam 1

1전북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper has two purposes:One is to examine the differences of two Korean progressive markers ‘-go itta’(-고 있다), ‘-neun joongida’(-는 중이다), the other is to illuminate the grammaticalization of the two progressive form, and to explain the differences between the two forms by ‘-neun joongida’ construction's property triggering the sister-member situations which is due to the etymological meaning of ‘joong’(middle). The two progressive aspect forms differ in allowing time adverb, in negative sentences, and in resultative aspects etc. I discussed the grammaticalization of the two types. ‘-Go itta’ was grammaticalized by the manner schema(X stays in Y manner), and ‘-neun joongida’ was grammaticalized by the locative schema(X is at Y). The meanings of grammaticalized forms are affected by the etymology of elements of the form. ‘Joong’(middle) in the ‘-neun joongida’ construction presupposes the other parts which are not middle pragmatically. Therefore in ‘-neun joongida’ progressive form presupposes the other situations which are the sister members of it, so in ‘-neun joongida’ sentences the V1 situations functions as figure and it's sister-members function as ground. Resultantly all the differences between the two progressive forms can be explained by the facts that the later presupposes the sister-members which has time span in the whole situation as ground.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.