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Developmental Aspects of the Ryomrakpung Style Shown in Dukam Na Do-Gyu's Poetry

  • Korean Language & Literature
  • 2013, (85), pp.255-284
  • Publisher : Korean Language & Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Park Myeong Hui 1

1전남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to speculate on aspects of Ryomrakpung presented in poetry by Na Do-Gyu, one of Honam's literary people of the 19th century, what characteristics the poetry has, and what meaning it has in the history of Chinese poetry. Volumes 1 and 2 of 『Dukam Manrok』, a collection of Na Do-Gyu's poetry, include a total of 299 poems with 234 themes, among which those of the Ryomrakpung style were selected and their characteristics and aspects were defined in the study. Na Do-Gyu's Ryomrakpung style poetry is roughly categorized into three types:poems that describe what he realized and reasoned after he read Chinese classics; those which give intentions on how to live; and those which explain morals Na Do-Gyu can see or realize and reason on through the observation of things. Poems of the first type are 「Gyong-cha-hwa-dam-seo-sunseang-dok- yeok-si」 and 「Dok-ju-yeok」. Mr. Na discussed reasons for the universe in the two poems, but they are not literary as they explain the reasons. Examples of the second type are 「Hwa-o-jung-ham-gyon-ki-gye-soo」I, 「Park-chang- soo-lee-si-gyon-you-wol-lee-il-soo-seo-gyom-lee-si-sa-ji」II (Vol. 1), 「Yayoung」, and 「Dok-seo-gak-piri-saek-chon-jo-in-ki-ing-seong-sul-sa-gyon-hoi」II (vol. 2). Through these poems, we can understand the attitude Mr, Na had at the time. He considered the basic nature given to humans as important and suggested that the purpose of studying is to recover our nature. Also he emphasized that humans are compelled to follow the circulatory order given by heaven, and had an attitude to accept the destiny given to himself while being satisfied and pleased with it. Examples of the third type are 「Gan- hwa-eum」, 「Gangheung」 (Vol. 1 of the collection), 「Gwanmul」, and 「Jeung- im-ki-seo-suk-gyu」I (Vol. 2 of the collection). These are certainly representative of his style. Here the author emphasized the circulatory principle of nature through natural things and that natural things have an innate natures. Such thoughts were derived from his attitude to view things in terms of things instead of in terms of humans. That is, it is suggested that he did not inject subjective ideas into natural things. The conclusion is that Na Do-Gyu's Ryomrakpung style poetry is not different from Ryomrakpung style poetry created since the late Goryo Period, and it inherited the trend of poetry continuing the development of Confucianism in the Joseon Period.

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