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A Study on the Travel essay on Jeju and Mt. Halla in 1930s -­Focusing on the interrelation with travel guides-

  • Korean Language & Literature
  • 2015, (92), pp.237-265
  • Publisher : Korean Language & Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

PARK CHANMO 1

1순천대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In 1935, the Japanese Government-General of Korea promoted the selection project of the eight famous spots in Joseon as a 25th anniversary project to show scenic views of Joseon internally and externally. As a result, Mt. Halla was selected as the top of the eight spots in Joseon. Based on the selection project and its result, the study reviewed travel guide and geographical and custom books issued in 1930s to find out scenic views of Jeju, overall travel information and historic implication. With an idea that such travel information supplied to unspecified many could be factors to attract travel invoking interests and attitudes to tourists or travelers, the study discussed the itinerary and appreciation of the travel essay of Jeju and Mt. Halla in relation to travel information. The findings are as follows. Firstly, in “Joseon travel guide” and “Joseon travel guide” introduced Jeju as an ‘island with various charms and fantasy’ and with various scenic views and customs as well as the treasury of vegetation. Such travel information is same with those produced by the Japanese Government-General of Korea or the provincial office of Jeju, which reflects that selection, composition and distribution of travel information was widely affected by the colonial ruling body. In particular, in geography and custom books, close exchange between Japan and Joseon and similarity of blood descent were argued through Samsin and Samsinnyeo myths. It shows that the travel information of Jeju and Mt. Halla is based on the Japanese- Joseon cooperation theory or the Japan – Joseon in one theory, which was the ruling ideology to Joseon. Secondly, travel guide by Donghwa Park (pen name DK Saeng) was nothing but a superficial experience of the scenic views of Jeju in its attitude and behavior, and Chanil Park consumed the target of travel only superficially. As such, the travel attitude or behavior of the two subjects were problematic as it could make othering the reality of Jeju and reality of living of the residents by the travel behavior based on passive and superficial experience by means of distributed travel guides. To the contrary, while Eunsang Lee toured various attractions along with the typified travel courses, he explored unique cultural memory and its meaning in historic sites or scenic sites by utilizing linguistic methodologies and old literatures instead of depending on travel information that regulated the view and attitude of the travel subject. That is to say, Eunsang Lee solidified the national identity by reviewing the origin and prototype of the nation through unique placeness and cultural heritage of Jeju and Mt. Halla. The study is important in that it examined the momentum and process of composing travel attractions and scenic views of Jeju and Mt. Halla and its political implication, and then examined the features of experience of travel or tour subjects.

Citation status

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.