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Study on the meaning of time in Jeong, hanmo's poem

  • Korean Language & Literature
  • 2015, (94), pp.281-303
  • Publisher : Korean Language & Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Yang So Young 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This research aimed at examining the meaning of time in Jeong, hanmo's poem. The existing researches on Jeong, hanmo's poem have understood the overall world of his poem as 'humanism' or concentrated on the baby in his poem or the analysis of the image related to the baby. This is the case which merely investigating Jeong, hanmo's poem world by limiting it. In his poem, various aspects of life were expressed with various images besides the image of a baby. However, meanwhile the researchers have not proceeded systematic and thoughtful discussion on this. In Jeong, hanmo's poem, the expressions of time appear frequently. In his poem, there are lots of expressions of time, e.g. "in the depth of the night where the darkness is piling up, in the arm of the night where the darkness is piling up"(「In the depth of the night where the darkness is piling up」), "Inside of the night which we lived today, which used be the darkness of you and me”(「Binghwa」), “In the dark night far from the starlight”(「With the wind」), in his early poem, “In the dawn when your voice wet in each layer”(「Waterway of the night」), “The dawn is a white wall today also”(「Gladiolus」) “Subdued silence becomes a warm temperature on this awakened dawn”(「Song of a stone」) in his medium-dated poem, “The snow piled up during the night covers the river of time. That side over the bridge of 60 years”(「four or five-year old child」), “In the time spent over the 60 years of the river of history flown windingly”(「Fields of hometown」) “In the middle of the open sea covered with the darkness over the 50 years”(「My solitude is」) in his late-dated poem, etc. This way, Jeong, hanmo's poem treated the part related to time importantly, there's no research on time until now, since the meanwhile researches have focused on the baby or the image analysis related to the baby. Time in Jeong, hanmo's poem can be considered by being connected with the process of self-recognition of the main agent, related to the clarification of self. This is meeting the inside of true self, which is the introspection within the existence. The night in Jeong, hanmo's early poem shows the state of solitude, however the poet makes the reader look back on the self through the night. The night functions for the poet as the medium between the main agent and the self-awareness. For him, the night makes more inner sense. In this inner secrecy, the poet introspect the existence. Here, furthermore, the time, 'the dawn', opened deeper sense of the poet in his medium-dated poems, 『Baby's room』 and 『The dawn』. As the result, this sense made the pot grow insight into the world and made open thought. Through the expression of “The dawn is open eye tomorrow also”(「Gladiolus」), the dawn makes open thought to cope with the pain of life by dissolving the poet's own lethargy. This enables one to overcome the negative reality and recover the positive self. In the medium-dated poem, the poet gets the open thought thanks to 'the dawn', and in his late-dated poem, this open thought is sublimated to reach the transcendent territory which has no division between the self and the world. This point appears in his poem as the reminiscence of hometown. In his late-dated poem, 『Baby's room messenger』 and 『Standing at the starting point』, the poet reminisces the past centered with the present through the expressions of “Now I return to the starting point. At the starting point to return after sixty years”(「Seojang」), “Hometown 50 years ago”(「Jeomgyeong」). This is to remember the pure time, the poet wants to maintain the identity of self by replaying the past in the present. This is to transcend the boundary of all territories, where the negative real world is overcome, and to establish a positive and volitional identity, rather by suggesting the real world as a new possibility.

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