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Bodily Intelligence Theory by H. Gardner and The Position and Difection

  • The Korean Journal of Dance Studies
  • Abbr : KRSDS
  • 2004, 14(14), pp.73-94
  • Publisher : The Korean Society for Dance Studies
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Dance

JuJa Kikm 1

1한성대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to suggest reasons why dance eduction should be separated from physical education and why the direction of dance education should be considered as a symbolic activity. To solve these problems the bodily intelligence theory byHoward Gardner was analyzed. Gardner insists that bodily intelligence is an independent ability like linguistic or logical-mathematic intelligence. This idea is supported by many theories such as neurophysiology, anthropology and developmental psychology. Bodily intelligence can be used and developed in activities of dancers and athletes, but they are completely different areas, like novelist and lawyer who are entirely different each other in the linguistic intelligence. Dancers use action for their symbolic representation and athletes use it for their functional reason. In this point dance as a symbolic activity is separated from physical education of which main activity is sports or game. Until recently dance education has been considered as emotional activity. But when we follow the idea of Gardner it should be directed to symbolic activity.

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