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A Study on Characteristics of Gibang Dance

Lee, Mi Young 1

1국민대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

In this study, a localized and in-depth approach was applied rather than a comprehensive one for Gibang dance by focusing on the representative Gibang dances such as Lee Mae-Bang's Gwangju Geommu, Salpurichum reprenting the Jeonlla province and Kim Su-Ak's Jinju Geommu, Nongae Salpurichum representing the Gyeongsang province. The formal characteristics including the movements of the dances listed above were studied while document research, observation and interview were used as the study method. Of course, Lee Mae-Bang himself was not a Kisaeng but the movement and characteristics of his dance sufficiently retain the characteristics of Gibang dance. Therefore, his representative dances were selected as the study subjects while the limitation of the study is that it only deals with the dances of Lee Mae-Bang and Kim Su-Ak among many other Gibang dances. Since people are not properly recognizing the Gibang dance, 'Gibang' is usually related with 'Sexuality'. However, Gibang was originated from the Silla period when the state protected Gibang as a nation but it has been recognized in a wrong way when it was discontinued during the late Joseon period through the period of occupation by Japan. As describe above, Gibang dance did not lose the essential qualities as the dance which are the technical aspect and artistic spirit remaining in exitence from the past. However, its artistic value has been underestimated by the recognition of the public. Rather than evaluating Gibang dance as what is shown in the rapidly changing 21st century, it is advisable to discuss the essential values and origin of Gibang dance such as its artistry, techniques and so on. Therefore, this study also deals with the history and social background that brought wrong recognition of the public towards Gibang dance. By examining the representative figures from Jeonlla province and Gyeongsang province and the formal characteristics of their dances, the characteristics as well as how they have been inherited can be identified. The significance of this study lies in the fact that it provides the direction for preserving the traditional dances and that it makes people properly recognize the Gibang dance.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.