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Inscription and Trace : EEG as a Cultural Technology

  • The Journal of Aesthetics and Science of Art
  • Abbr : JASA
  • 2015, 44(), pp.3-46
  • Publisher : 한국미학예술학회
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Other Arts and Kinesiology
  • Published : June 30, 2015

Shin, Seung-Chol 1

1강릉원주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In 1929 Hans Berger reported in an publication his observation on EEG. In his psychophysiological approach to the thought, it was obtained as a trace of electrophysiological activity of brain. Berger regarded it as a brain mirror, which visualized the brain activity, and took a different path from his colleagues. Unlike phrenologist and neuroanatomist, he was engaged in measuring brain currents, and he believed that he was on the straight path to psychological reality. This study critically examines EEG and its technical conditions. Under the influence of Étienne-Jules Marey it was visualized as a curve, and in the virtue of optical media it was regarded as an objective inscription. EEG, which is belong to the print paradigm, could expand new areas of research. In the logic of techno-image it proved existence of brain currents, and made it as an epistemological object. This system of inscription reoriented the brain study. Techno-image changes the way of understanding about brain activity, and the analysis of curve constructs the new knowledge of it. Brain currents can be an research object only through EEG as an image-media. EEG as a cultural technology suggests the electric current of brain as a epistemological object and constructs a new discourse on it.

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