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Artistic Life Organisms in Anthropocene Discourse : Hybrid Actors in Artworks

  • The Journal of Aesthetics and Science of Art
  • Abbr : JASA
  • 2019, 57(), pp.71-98
  • DOI : 10.17527/JASA.57.0.03
  • Publisher : 한국미학예술학회
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Other Arts and Kinesiology
  • Received : April 14, 2019
  • Accepted : May 11, 2019
  • Published : June 30, 2019

KIM JOO OK 1

1홍익대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to study a relationship between humans and non-humans through the new species appearing in the artworks of Pinar Yoldas and Gilberto Esparza, firstly by examining the term ‘Anthropocene’. ‘Anthropocene’ has not been officially approved as a geological unit, and yet it is widely studied in the fields of science, the humanities and social studies. ‘Anthropocene’ is an important concept to be used in order to find a solution for environmental pollution and global warming, but, most significantly, it rejects the dualistic reasoning of traditional humanism that exists in terms of anthropocentrism. In other words, ‘Anthropocene’ seeks to study the reciprocal relationship between humans and the world. The key notion of ‘Anthropocene,’ that both humans and non-humans exist in the world, can be interpreted by comparing the evolutionary living organisms in the artworks of Yoldas and the city parasites and plant robots in the artworks of Esparza with the technoscientific non-humans described by the Actor-Network Theory. This is a progressive way to understand a social phenomenon ecologically, and it shows the birth process of a hybrid. From the concept of ‘Anthropocene’, all existing objects ponder over their existence. In other words, hybrids are the mutual network of the new post-humans and the objects existing under the New Materialism paradigm, and they are collectively formed through intra-action.

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