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A Study on Bergson’s Philosophy of Art I

  • The Journal of Aesthetics and Science of Art
  • Abbr : JASA
  • 2020, 60(), pp.25-56
  • DOI : 10.17527/JASA.60.0.02
  • Publisher : 한국미학예술학회
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Other Arts and Kinesiology
  • Received : April 30, 2020
  • Accepted : May 16, 2020
  • Published : June 30, 2020

Jae-Hyung Joo 1

1단국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Art occupies a unique position in Henri Bergson's philosophy. Because it is central and peripheral at the same time. Though his thinking was based on art, Bergson did not write an independent book about art, but we can reconstruct an original philosophy of art from his fragmentary texts on art. This study is an attempt at such a reconstruction. To this end, we will begin by analysing a sentence defining art in Bergson's first work, Time and Free Will. From this analysis, we will show that Bergson defines a method of art in close connection with techniques of hypnosis, and characterizes the experience of art as that of the artist's human emotions, ideas, and efforts. This view of art can be regarded as a re-formulation of classical art theories such as Plato's and Kant's in Bergson's own language. After examining some of the issues raised by these conceptions of art, we will end our study with the notion that art allows us to experience Bergson's “Durée” through creative means.

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