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The Common Grammaticalization Route of Wei/Jiao/Gei Passive Construction ——The Characteristic of Form-Meaning Coevolution in Construction Grammaticalization

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2013, (31), pp.125-161
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2013..31.006
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : February 28, 2013

沈煜 1 龙国富 2

1中国社会科学院
2中国人民大学

Accredited

ABSTRACT

From the perspective of Construction Grammar Theory, emphasizing the coevolution and interaction of form and meaning of a construction, this paper considers so-called three respective kinds of passive sentences as a single Passive Construction that undergoes the same grammaticalization process. Specifically, the development of the construction indicates phenomenon of form-meaning coevolution during the process. On the one hand, there is a clear pattern of semantic change which includes four steps of rights-transferring: possession, freedom, reputation and disposition. On the other hand, the similar syntax changes which interact with semantic change show more complex and differential characteristics. In a word, the form and meaning of the construction chase each other in order to be matched, resulting in the emergence of the Passive Construction. Furthermore, Form-Meaning Coevolution is a basic feature, also as a cause and a research method of construction grammaticalization.

Citation status

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