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On the Grammaticalization of the Potential Complement Constructions ‘V de(得)/bu(不)C’ in Chinese

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2013, (33), pp.105-121
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2013..33.005
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : October 31, 2013

LEE,WOO-CHEOL 1

1경북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This essay discusses the Chinese Potential Complement Structure V得/不C from the angle of Grammaticalization Theory. It’s notable that existing studies on this structure mostly believe that V得C structure is formed by inserting a 得in between the verb and its complement in a VC structure to indicate possibility, and V不C structure a 不 to indicate impossibility. However, these existing analyses are not convincing when describing exactly what elements are indicating the possibility in a V得/不C structure, and when explaining why sometimes deleting 得/不 from a V得/不C structures will not result in a legal VC structure. This essay tries to find answers to these questions by applying the Grammaticalization Theory. Author believes that V得/不C structure is a Construction; that indicating possibility is the self-generated meaning of a V得/不C Construction; and furthermore, that V得/不C structure has become a new Construction and has achieved Grammaticalization.

Citation status

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