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A Study on the Word classes and the Meaning of the Word “Fangbian” in the 《Xiandai Hanyu Cidian》 Dictionary

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2017, (46), pp.3-19
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2017..46.001
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : November 30, 2017

Kim, Jong-chan 1

1안동대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

《Xiandai Hanyu Cidian》is the dictionary that is most popular among scholars and students in China. It describes the vocabulary “Fangbian” as a double classification of both adjective and verb. 《Xiandai Hanyu Cidian》is not like dictionaries published in Korea or the U.S, as it does not subdivide the verbs into intransitive verbs and transitive verbs. However in speech, “Fangbian” has both the function of both an adjective and a intransitive verb. As a result of my research, I have found that “Fangbian” also has the role of a transitive verb, as well as an adjective and intransitive. For example, in the sentence “所以很方便我們進行不同階段的統計和對比”, “Fangbian(方便)” is used as a transitive verb, and “我們進行不同階段的統計和對比” is its object. So I argue that 《Xiandai Hanyu Cidian》should recognize this kind of usuage and the example sentence to the original usage and example sentences. We can adjust the content of the dictionary for the word “Fangbian” as follow: 「【方便】fāngbiàn形容詞①便利 : 大開∼之門┃這裏的交通很∼┃爲了更∼於從總體上觀察和描寫介詞的形式和意義,不如採取第一種辦法。┃把∼讓給別人,把困難留給自己。②適宜 : 這兒說話不∼┃∼的時候,你給我回個電話。③婉辭,跟“手頭兒”搭配使用,表示有富裕的錢:手頭兒不∼。不及物動詞婉辭,指排泄大小便:車停一會兒,大家可以∼∼。及物動詞①使便利;給予便利:∼群衆。②便於; 比較容易(做某事):所以很∼我們進行不同階段的統計和對比。」

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